How to use kara in Japanese for reason?
How to use から for Reason?
I know kara in Japanese can mean "from" as in from/to. How about the meaning for "reason"? How to use it in a Japanese sentence? Please explain. Thanks.
Hi Katherine, から (kara) with the meaning of "from" has been mentioned in Japanese time expression in basic Japanese lesson 10
There is another meaning of から (kara) which states the reason in a sentence, and is similar to "because" or "since" in English. Here is the sentence pattern:Sentence 1 (Polite Style/Plain Style) から Sentence 2
The から (kara) in the above sentence pattern is referring to the reason stated in sentence 1 and therefore the result happened in sentence 2.
For this sentence pattern, it can take polite style or plain style in front of から (kara).
The meaning is the same for using both styles except that using polite style sounds slightly more polite than using plain style.
If you have to speak to customer or your boss, choose the polite style. However, for most situations in daily conversation, plain style should be ok.Example 1
私は映画が好きだから毎晩 DVD を見ています。
watashi wa eiga ga suki da kara maiban DVD wo mite imasuMeaning
: I like movie, therefore I am watching DVD every night.
Be careful on where you place から (kara). The reason is always placed in front of から (kara). Reason
から → what happen/result
The following example is wrong
because it placed the result in front of から (kara)...Example 2 (wrong example)
毎晩 DVD を見ていますから私は映画が好きです。 X
maiban DVD wo mite imasu kara watashi wa eiga ga suki desu XMeaning
: I am watching DVD every night, therefore I like movie. X
Let's look at some good examples.Example 3
Kyou wa tsuma no tanjoubi da kara hana wo kaimasuMeaning
: Today is my wife's birthday, therefore I will buy flower.Example 4
watashi wa nihongo ga wakaranakatta kara nihon de terebi wo mimasendeshitaMeaning
: I didn't understand Japanese, therefore I didn't watch TV in Japan.
If you want to use polite style, you can say...
watashi wa nihongo ga wakarimasendeshita kara nihon de terebi wo mimasendeshitaMeaning
: I didn't understand Japanese, therefore I didn't watch TV in Japan.Related Page
Intermediate lesson 20: Japanese Grammar for Cause and Reason
Hope this helps,