Do you know how to form a sentence to show approximate Japanese time duration?
In this lesson, you will get to learn how to form sentence showing time duration and some particles related to time.
Before going further, you should first look at the section on how to state different Japanese durations for hours, days, weeks, months and years.
Firstly, let's learn about the time taken from point A to point B.
To say how long it takes to go from one place to another place, you should use the following sentence pattern...
PlaceA から PlaceB まで Duration かかります
PlaceA kara PlaceB made Duration kakarimasu
Meaning: It takes Duration to go from PlaceA to PlaceB
You can replace the Duration in the above expression with the durations you have learned before. For example...
If you want to state only approximate duration, append the suffix ぐらい (gurai) or くらい (kurai) after the duration.
Remember in the previous lesson on Japanese particles where you have learned to replace に (ni) with ごろ (goro) to state the approximate time when performing some actions.
Similarly, you use ぐらい/くらい (gurai/kurai) to state the approximate time durations.
So after adding the suffix ぐらい/くらい (gurai/kurai), the above expression should be...
PlaceA から PlaceB まで Duration [ぐらい/くらい] かかります
PlaceA kara PlaceB made Duration [gurai/kurai] kakarimasu
Meaning: It takes [about] Duration to go from PlaceA to PlaceB
Note: [ ] means the word in the square bracket is optional
Using the previous example...
くらい (kurai) is exactly the same as ぐらい (gurai), but I will stick to ぐらい (gurai) from now onwards.
To ask how long it takes to go from one place to another, use the question word どのぐらい (dono gurai).
PlaceA から PlaceB まで どのぐらい かかりますか
PlaceA kara PlaceB made dono gurai kakarimasu ka
Meaning: How long it takes to go from PlaceA to PlaceB?
Using an example to show...
どのぐらい (dono gurai) can also use to ask the length of time something takes. And you can use various Japanese time durations in the answer. For example...
Besides expressing Japanese time duration, ぐらい (gurai) is also used to express distance, length or quantity. For example...
So long if you want to state the approximate number of certain thing, you can append the suffix ぐらい (gurai) after the number.
It does not limited to only Japanese time duration. For example, you can say that your mother is around 50 years old by saying...
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