Japanese Buildings & Places
Words and Vocabulary

This section covers the words and vocabulary used to describe Japanese buildings and places.

Japanese Buildings Vocabulary: Temple

Have you wondered what are the Japanese names for different buildings and places like library, post office, etc?

It's useful to know the names in Japanese, especially when you are traveling to Japan.

There are some unique Japanese buildings and places which you won't be able to see elsewhere.

For example, there are probably tens of thousands of 神社 (jinja - shrine) in Japan.

Not to forget about the 露天風呂 (rotenburo - open air bath). You will definitely need to try it when you visit Japan.

Check out the following Japanese buildings word list and see how many of them you have already known.

Kanji Hiragana or
Romaji Meaning
1. 建物 たてもの tatemono Building
2. ビル biru Building
3. マンション manshon Condominium / Apartment / Mansion
4. 場所 ばしょ basho Place / Location
5. 空港 くうこう kuukou Airport
6. 飛行場 ひこうじょう hikoujou Airport
7. みなと minato Harbour / Port
8. 郵便局 ゆうびんきょく yuubin kyoku Post Office
9. 銀行 ぎんこう ginkou Bank
10. 市役所 しやくしょ shiyaku sho Municipal Office / City Hall / Town Hall
11. えき eki Station (Train)
12. 病院 びょういん byouin Hospital
13. 美容院 びよういん biyouin Beauty Salon / Hair Salon
14. 学校 がっこう gakkou School
15. 小学校 しょうがっこう shou gakkou Primary School / Elementary School
16. 中学校 ちゅうがっこう chuu gakkou Secondary School / Junior High School
17. 高校 こうこう koukou Senior High School
18. 大学 だいがく daigaku University
19. 大学院 だいがくいん daigaku in Graduate School
20. りょう ryou Hostel / Dormitory
21. 寄宿舎 きしゅくしゃ kishuku sha Dormitory / Boarding House
22. 図書館 としょかん tosho kan Library
23. 水族館 すいぞくかん suizoku kan Aquarium
24. 映画館 えいがかん eiga kan Movie Theater / Cinema
25. 博物館 はくぶつかん haku butsu kan Museum
26. 美術館 びじゅつかん bijutsu kan Art Museum
27. 体育館 たいいくかん taiiku kan Gymnasium
28. 記念館 きねんかん kinen kan Memorial Hall
29. 大使館 たいしかん taishi kan Embassy
30. 旅館 りょかん ryokan Traditional Japanese-style Inn
31. ホテル hoteru Hotel
32. 工場 こうじょう koujou Factory
33. 市場 いちば ichiba Market Place / Bazaar
34. 会場 かいじょう kaijou Meeting Place / Assembly Hall
35. 宴会場 えんかいじょう enkaijou Banquet Hall
36. 公園 こうえん kouen Park / Garden (Public)
37. にわ niwa Garden / Yard (within the house)
38. 交番 こうばん kouban Police Box
39. 神社 じんじゃ jinja Shrine
40. てら tera Temple
41. 教会 きょうかい kyoukai Church
42. 保育園 ほいくえん hoikuen Nursery School
43. 幼稚園 ようちえん youchien Kindergarten
44. 植物園 しょくぶつえん shoku butsu en Botanical Garden
45. 動物園 どうぶつえん doubutsu en Zoo
46. 近所 きんじょ kinjo Neighborhood
47. みせ mise Shop
48. 食料品店 しょくりょうひんてん shoku ryou hinten Grocery Store
49. 花屋 はなや hana ya Florist
50. 薬屋 くすりや kusuri ya Pharmacy
51. 魚屋 さかなや sakana ya Fish Dealer / Fishmonger
52. 肉屋 にくや niku ya Butcher
53. 八百屋 やおや yao ya Greengrocery / Fruit and Vegetable Store
54. 床屋 とこや toko ya Barbershop / Barber
55. パン屋 パンや pan ya Bakery
56. 本屋 ほんや hon ya Bookstore / Bookshop
57. 文房具屋 ぶんぼうぐや bunbou gu ya Stationery Shop
58. 質屋 しちや shichi ya Pawnshop
59. 居酒屋 いざかや izaka ya Bar / Pub (Japanese-style)
60. 風呂屋 ふろや furo ya Public Bathhouse
61. 温泉 おんせん onsen Hot Spring
62. 露天風呂 ろてんぶろ roten buro Open Air Bath
63. アパート apa-to Apartment
64. デパート depa-to Department Store
65. レストラン resutoran Restaurant
66. ディズニーランド dizuni-rando Disneyland
67. スーパー su-pa- Supermarket

The above are the words commonly used for Japanese buildings and places. I will add in more words related to Japanese buildings and places in future.

And if you are keen to find out more words on different places in Japan and how to read them, make sure to check out this page on different cities in Japan.

By the way, this link above is an affiliate link, which means that I would earn a commission if you do end up purchasing the related learning course. It's at no extra cost to you, and please if you have any questions related to this learning course, please let me know and I would be happy to answer them for you.



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