Japanese Weather
Words and Vocabulary

This section covers the words and vocabulary used to describe Japanese weather and seasons.

Japanese Weather Vocabulary

Japanese Weather Symbols

Japan is an island country and hence is frequently affected by bad weather. Especially when strong and powerful typhoons hit the country, most areas will be affected.

Therefore many words are used to describe different weathers.

Besides, Japan has four seasons. Thus, various words are created to sketch the images of the different seasons.

Japanese people pay attention to the news for weather forecasts all the time.

Pick up the words used and next time you will know what is the Japanese weathercaster talking about in the news.

Some symbols used to represent the Japanese weather are shown in the figure below.

Increase your vocabulary with a Japanese electronic dictionary.

Kanji Hiragana or
Katakana
Romaji Meaning
1. 天気 てんき tenki Weather
2. 天気予報 てんきよほう tenki yohou Weather Forecast
3. 晴れ はれ hare Clear Weather / Fair Weather
4. 快晴 かいせい kaisei Fine Weather / Clear and Sunny
5. 太陽 たいよう taiyou Sun
6. 曇り くもり kumori Cloudy Weather
7. くも kumo Cloud
8. ゆき yuki Snow
9. 大雪 おおゆき ooyuki Heavy Snow
10. あられ arare hailstone / Falling Iceball
11. ひょう hyou hail
12. みぞれ mizore Sleet / Snow with Rain
13. かみなり kaminari Thunder
14. あめ ame Rain
15. 霧雨 きりさめ kiri same Misty Rain / Light Drizzle
16. 小雨 こさめ kosame Light Rain / Drizzle
17. 俄雨 にわかあめ niwaka ame Rain Shower / Sudden Shower
18. 大雨 おおあめ ooame Heavy Rain
19. 豪雨 ごうう gouu Downpour
20. 暴風雨 ぼうふうう boufuuu Rainstorm
21. 雷雨 らいう raiu Thunderstorm
22. 通り雨 とおりあめ toori ame Passing Shower
23. 天気雨 てんきあめ tenki ame Sun Shower / Sudden Rainfall in the Sunshine
24. 春雨 しゅんう / はるさめ shunu / haru same Spring Rain
25. 酸性雨 さんせいう sanseiu Acid Rain
26. 局地的な雨 きょくちてきなあめ kyoku chi teki na ame Regional Rain
27. 梅雨 つゆ / ばいう tsuyu / baiu Rainy Season
28. 雨季 うき uki Rainy Season
29. 乾季 かんき kanki Dry Season
30. きり kiri Fog / Mist
31. 濃霧 のうむ noumu Heavy Fog / Dense Mist
32. かぜ kaze Wind / Breeze
33. 強風 きょうふう kyoufuu Strong Wind
34. 暴風 ぼうふう boufuu Windstorm
35. 台風 たいふう taifuu Typhoon
36. 海風 うみかぜ / かいふう umikaze / kaifuu Sea Breeze
37. 陸風 りくふう rikufuu Land Breeze
38. 季節風 きせつふう kisetsu fuu Monsoon / Seasonal Wind
39. 旋風 せんぷう / つむじかぜ senpuu / tsumuji kaze Whirlwind / Vortex
40. 乾燥 かんそう kansou Dryness
41. 湿気 しっけ shikke Moisture / Humidity / Damp
42. 湿度 しつど shitsu do Level of Humidity
43. 気温 きおん kion Temperature
44. 最低気温 さいていきおん saitei kion Minimum Temperature
45. 最高気温 さいこうきおん saikou kion Maximum Temperature
46. 気圧 きあつ kiatsu Atmospheric Pressure
47. 低気圧 ていきあつ tei kiatsu Low Atmospheric Pressure
48. 高気圧 こうきあつ kou kiatsu High Atmospheric Pressure
49. 前線 ぜんせん zensen Weather Front
50. 洪水 こうずい kouzui Flood
51. 波浪 はろう harou Ocean Waves
52. 津波 つなみ tsunami Tsunami / Tidal Wave
53. 地震 じしん jishin Earthquake
54. 震度 しんど shindo Japanese Earthquake Scale
55. 震源 しんげん shingen Earthquake Center / Seismic Center
56. 季節 きせつ kisetsu Season
57. 四季 しき shiki Four Seasons
58. はる haru Spring
59. なつ natsu Summer
60. あき aki Autumn / Fall
61. ふゆ fuyu Winter
62. 真夏日 まなつび ma natsu bi Tropical Day
63. 真冬日 まふゆび ma fuyu bi Ice Day

This Japanese weather vocabulary list contains some terms which might not be used in normal conversations. But if you keep listen to the Japanese weather forecasts for a while, you will soon understand most of them.

Want more Japanese words on weather? Get a Japanese electronic dictionary!

Want to increase your vocabulary? Check out the Japanese English dictionary.

› Japanese Weather Words

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